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The average annual rate of change in the exchange rate of the national currency against the United States dollar for the period indicated. A positive value means that the national currency has weakened; a negative value indicates a stronger national currency. Rates of change over several years are calculated using the arithmetic growth model.

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Neighboring countries


Related Variables

GDP (2011 PPP dollars), change/yr Gross Domestic Product (GDP), 2011 PPP $ per capita GDP by expenditure: Final consumption expenditure 2015 $ GDP by expenditure: Household consumption expenditure

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Supports GEGs:

Supports SDGs: